Manuscript Format and Preparation

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, its publication is approved by all authors, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise make necessary amendments deemed fit, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.

Copyrights for articles published in IJBT are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.

Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word file format and can be submitted to IJBT via email. All manuscripts will follow the same general style as described in this document. The editors reserve the right to edit these files to ensure every article follows the same style.


Paper Selection and Publication Process

1. Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor will send an e-mail of confirmation to the corresponding
    author within 7 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/email may be missed.
2. We use single-blind system for peer-review; reviewers' identities remain anonymous to authors.
    The paper will be peer-reviewed by two experts; one is an editorial staff and the other is an external reviewer.
    The review process may take 3-4 weeks.
3. Notification of the result of review will sent by e-mail.



1.  Language -  Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of both

2.  Length of paper – 3,000-8,000 words are preferred.

Title Page

Title page is on a separate page before the text. Provide the following information on the title page (in the order given):  

Concise and informative. Title is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations
Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.

Corresponding author
Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and post-publication. Ensure that telephone number (with country and area code) is provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Sponsoring information
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate the sponsor’s name.


General Rules of Text

Please use the following rules for whole text, including abstract, keywords, heading and references.

Font: Times New Roman; Size: 12pt
Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph 0 pt; below paragraph 4 pt
Line Spacing: Single, 12 pt
Heading 1: Times New Roman; Size - 12; Bold; for example, 1. Introduction
Heading 2: Times New Roman; Size - 12; Italic; for example, 1.1 Research Methods
Heading 3: Times New Roman; Size - 12; for example, 1.1.1 Analysis of Results


Preparation of Text


A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methodology, the principal result and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to reference list.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general
and plural terms and multiple concepts.

Subdivisions of the article
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered up to three headings as shown in General Rules of Text. (the abstract is not included in the section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 700 words. Authors are encouraged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Present tables in between the text. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place description to tables below the table body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

The text size of formula should be similar to normal text size.

Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.

Citations in the text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Citing and listing of web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Referencing style
Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You can refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition, ISBN 1-55798-790-4, copies of which may be ordered from http://www.apa.org/books/4200061.html or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710,Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK. Details concerning this referencing style can also be found at http://humanities.buy.edu/linguistics/Henrichsen/APA/APA01.html.


Reference to a journal publications:
Yusoff, W., Salleh, M., Ahmad, A., & Basnan, N. (2016). The Geopolitics of ASEAN Cooperation and Firm Value: Evidence from Multinational Corporation in Malaysia. Journal of Global Business and Social Entreprenuership, 2 (2), 85-98.

Reference to a book:
Baltagi, B. (2008). Econometric analysis of panel data (Vol. 1): John Wiley & Sons.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Andersen, T. G., Bollerslev, T., Christoffersen, P. F., & Diebold, F. X. (2013). Chapter 17 - Financial Risk Measurement for Financial Risk Management. In M. H. George M. Constantinides & M. S. Rene (Eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Finance (Vol. Volume 2, Part B, pp. 1127-1220): Elsevier.

Reference to a web source:
Osman, F. (2015). AFTA. Retrieved August 14, 2015, from http://www.miti.gov.my/ index.php/pages/view/335

Ethical statement
I the author advising that the manuscript has not been published previously, nor is it under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in other language, without the written consent of the publisher.

Copyright statement
I the author agree to the copyright agreement that enables UniMAP and IJBT to review my manuscript to protect the copyright for the authors, but authors retain their proprietary rights. The authors agree to give their copyrights of their manuscripts to IJBT fully and submit their papers to IJBT e-mail:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it