Home Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript Format and Preparation

Submission of an article implies that the work described nas not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, its publication is approved by all authors, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise make necessary amendments deems fit, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.

Copyrights for articles published in IJBT are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.

Manuscript be prepared in Microsoft Word Format and can be submitted to IJBT via email. All manuscripts will follow the same general style as described in this document. The editors reserve the right to edit files to ensure every article follows the same style.

Paper Selection and Publication Process

  1. Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor send an e-mail of confirmation to the corresponding author within 7 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/email may be missed.
  2. Peer review. We use single-blind system for peer-review; reviewers' identities remain anonymous to authors. The paper will be peer-review by two experts; one is an editorial staff and the other is an external reviewer. The review process may take 3-4 weeks.
  3. Notification of the result of review will sent by e-mail.
  4. After publication, the corresponding author will receive a complimentary copy of printed journals, free of charge. If you want to keep more copies, please contact with the editor before making an order.


  • Language
    Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of both). We do accept manuscripts in Bahasa Melayu also (One paper in Bahasa Melayu will be published in every issue).
  • Lenght of paper
    3000-8000 words are preferred.

Title Page

Title page is separated page before the text. Provide the following information on the title page (in the order given). It should include:

Concise and informative. Title are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affliliations
Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation address below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.

Corresponding author
Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone number (with country and area code) is provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Sponsoring information
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it

General Rules of Text

Please use the following rules for whole text, including abstract, keywords, heading and references.
Font: Times New Roman; Size: 12
Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph - 0 pt; below paragraph - 4 pt
Line Spacing: Single, 12 pt
Heading 1: Times New Roman; Size - 12; Bold; for example, 1. Introduction
Heading 2: Times New Roman; Size - 12; Italic; for example, 1.1 Research Methods
Heading 3: Times New Roman; Size - 12; for example, 1.1.1 Analysis of Results

Preparation of Text

A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal result and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References ahould therefore be avoided, but if essential, they msut be cited in full, without reference to reference list.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts.

Subdivision of the article
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in the section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 700 words. Authors are encouraged to write a concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clearuty.

Present tables in between the text. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place description to tables below the table body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

The text size of formula should be similar with normal text size.

Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.

Citations in the text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in he reference list, but may be mentioned in text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Citing and listing of web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any futher information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a differerenct heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You can refer to the Publication Manual of the America Psychological Association, Fith Edition, ISBN 1-55798-790-4, copies of which may ordered from http://www.apa.org/books/4200061.html or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710,Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK. Details concerning this referenceing style can also be found at http://humanities.buy.edu/linguistics/Henrichsen/APA/APA01.html.

Reference to a journal publications:

McGuiness, P. 1992, An Examination of the Underpricing of Initial Public Offerings in Hong Kong:
1980-1990, Journal of Business Finance and Accounting 19(2), January, pp. 165-186.

Reference to a book:
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E.b. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York:
Macmillan, (Chapter 4).

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G. R., & Adam, L.B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article.
In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to electronic age (pp. 281-304).
New York: E-Publishing Inc.

Reference to a web source:
Smith, Joe, (1990), One of Volvo's core values. [Online] Available:
http://www.volvo.com/enviroment/index.htm (July 7, 1999)

Ethical statement
I'm the author advising that the manuscript has not been published previously, nor is it under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in other language, without the written consent of the publisher.

Copyright statement
I'm the author agree of the copyright agreement that enables UniMAP and IJBT to review my manuscript to protect the copyrighted for the authors, but authors retain their proprietary right. The authors agree to give their copyrights of their manuscripts to IJBT fully and submit their papers to IJBT e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it